117 studygiude 2

117 studygiude 2 - 1. The death of God Death of God is the...

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1. The death of God Death of God is the defining feature of modernity. Nietzsche argues that all of the highest values that used to give meaning and significance to western humanity have lost their value. People have no profound sense of meaning to a higher spirit. This condition in which God is dead is called nihilism. 2. Master/noble morality (i.e. the value couplet “good and bad”) Initially, to be “good” was simply an affirmation of the status of the fortunate. They were good because they were wealthy and strong. “Bad” in this case was how they referred to the less fortunate. Both were not qualities of the soul but rather affirmations of being. (She isn’t looking for us to describe the value couplet good v evil here, just good v bad: good was a self-definition of the noble warrior class and bad sort of arose as an afterthought) However, those unfortunate classes, led by the priests, overturned the meanings as an act of resentment(revenge). What was once good is now considered evil (strength, power) and what was once bad is now considered good (being weak, humble). This unconscious exercise of the will to power soon came to define the qualities of souls and represented the attempt to suppress one’s passions. -was the starting point of Christian morality. 3. Bad conscience arose from a race of conquerors (blonde beasts) forcing populations into sociieties to found a state. These conquerors force these people into peace to conform to norms and turn their instincts inward. This first inversion of the will, that is the taming of instincts, sends feelings of worthlessness to the individual. They begin to grow a bad conscience because they must conform to inflicting no pain to other people. Men just feel guilty all the time, always having this bad conscience about exercising their will to power. So they end up turning the will against themselves, resulting in self-torture. This is also the point of which bad conscience becomes entangled with the concept of the birth of God. In regards to the creditor/debtor relationship, they feel bad that their debt to their ancestors who created their large communities can never be paid; no equivalence. Thus begin to see their debt as a debt to a god; worshipping ancestors as gods. In example, Jesus who sacrificed his life and died for the people’s sins. He took their punishments, yes. But he couldn’t take their guilt, thus leaving the people even more worthless. 4. Nihilism- a condition in which our lives seem to lack meaning and sense. Many people seem to understand it as a condition at which you feel adrift, you have no anchor and no root in your life. Comes from the Latin root for ‘nothing,’ we no longer have any profound commitments that we feel truly bind us and we have a hard time finding any true value edifying such beliefs; we never let them direct our lives. This puts a lot more responsibility on us as to how we should live because if nothing binds you then the responsibility for how you lead your life falls completely unto you.
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course POL 117 taught by Professor Satkunanandan during the Fall '11 term at UC Davis.

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117 studygiude 2 - 1. The death of God Death of God is the...

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