Biodiversity Report 2

Biodiversity Report 2 - Overview: Ginkgo biloba is a...

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Overview : Ginkgo biloba is a dioecious gymnosperm whose medicinal abilities have been advantageous for centuries. Its ability to assist in treating memory impairments, cognitive speed, and aging disorders truly distinguishes this unique plant. Significance : G. biloba has a great variety of uses that are commonly used today and in the past years. One of its major applications has been observed in the area of medicinal science where its benefits have made considerable changes in peoples lives today. One of its earliest benefits was observed in the Han dynasty in China from 206BC to 220 AD (Kwant, 2004). The leaves of the G. biloba plant were used to aid in blood circulation and in lung efficiency by relieving symptoms of asthma and coughing. In 1946, Lan Maos Dian Nam Ben Cao was published, which mentioned the uses of G. biloba as a treatment for skin, head sores, freckles, and diarrhea (Kwant, 2004). Today, the G. biloba is being used across the world in locations such as Canada, the United States, and in Europe mainly for its diverse medical use, ranging from circulatory and nervous system benefits. Circulatory System Benefits : The flavanoid compounds in the G. biloba specifically have the role of dilating the capillaries of the circulatory system. This results is a benefit to all organs, and in particular, the brain, because an increased flow of blood and oxygen is able to be transported. Research has reported that a high increase in blood circulation and oxygen levels in brain tissue occurs as a result of the G. biloba extracts (Jackson, 1999). The plant’s antioxidant properties also prevent the piling of platelets inside the arterial
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course BIO Bio2137 taught by Professor Namroud during the Fall '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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Biodiversity Report 2 - Overview: Ginkgo biloba is a...

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