cha9 Ex - 9. Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues 21....

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Unformatted text preview: 9. Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues 21. Which of the following is true about lower-of-cost-or-market? a. It is inconsistent because losses are recognized but not gains. b. It usually understates assets. c. It can increase future income. d. All of these. 22. The primary basis of accounting for inventories is cost. A departure from the cost basis of pricing the inventory is required where there is evidence that when the goods are sold in the ordinary course of business their a. selling price will be less than their replacement cost. b. replacement cost will be more than their net realizable value. c. cost will be less than their replacement cost. d. future utility will be less than their cost. 23. When valuing raw materials inventory at lower-of-cost-or-market, what is the meaning of the term "market"? a. Net realizable value b. Net realizable value less a normal profit margin c. Current replacement cost d. Discounted present value 24. In no case can "market" in the lower-of-cost-or-market rule be more than a. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business. b. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal. c. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal and an allowance for an approximately normal profit margin. d. estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less reasonably predictable costs of completion and disposal, an allowance for an approximately normal profit margin, and an adequate reserve for possible future losses. 25. Designated market value a. is always the middle value of replacement cost, net realizable value, and net realizable value less a normal profit margin. b. should always be equal to net realizable value. c. may sometimes exceed net realizable value. d. should always be equal to net realizable value less a normal profit margin. 26. Lower-of-cost-or-market a. is most conservative if applied to the total inventory. b. is most conservative if applied to major categories of inventory. c. is most conservative if applied to individual items of inventory. d. must be applied to major categories for taxes. 27. An item of inventory purchased this period for $15.00 has been incorrectly written down to its current replacement cost of $10.00. It sells during the following period for $30.00, its normal selling price, with disposal costs of $3.00 and normal profit of $12.00. Which of the following statements is not true?...
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cha9 Ex - 9. Inventories: Additional Valuation Issues 21....

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