Unlike European students who integrate learning by distributing their studying, Americans often cram for exams and quizzes. The contrasting patterns of assessment cause dramatic differences in the students’ behaviors. For example, American students do not enjoy studying because schools employ continuous assessment that requires students to be monitored on a regular basis. American students also organize their studying accordingly: when the instructors set up a schedule of exams and quizzes, students often put off their reading and cram at the last minute. This pattern differs from the European model because schools in Europe test students at year’s end, and they can delay testing for two or more years. Therefore, European students understand that they must organize their own time and discipline themselves to study and that cramming is useless. In Europe, students only have one chance to pass an exam, so they will take the exam seriously because their future rides on the results. In conclusion, the American system rewards
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