Topic 6-1. Decentralization and Segregation

Topic 6-1. Decentralization and Segregation -...

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Decentralization and Central City Decline In US cities, since WWII and even before that population has moved out of central cities and into the suburbs, causing the urban area to expand outward. This process was driven by: -- transport cost reductions, highway building and car ownership. -- increases in real incomes and the demand for better and more housing. -- increases in population -- the fact that jobs moved out and population followed
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How did land prices change because of decentralization ? Changes over time from blue to red as people moved out Land Price CBD distance distance Central city Suburbs Suburbs
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Other changes caused by suburbanizing, decentralizing economic activity The tax base of central cities (property values) fell, while that of suburbs rose. Lack of funding relative to the past caused a decline in the quality of schools, police and other public services in cities while the opposite happened in suburbs. Since the poor could not afford suburban homes, they remained in the central city. Crime and poverty in central cities increased.
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The vicious cycle of change Income rise Housing demand Car ownership
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course ECON 500 taught by Professor Professor during the Fall '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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Topic 6-1. Decentralization and Segregation -...

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