Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - index crimes based on arrest data...

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Introduction to Criminology: Exam 1 Study Guide Concepts/Terms Politicization The definition of criminology - process of making, breaking, and the reaction of breaking the law) Correlation and causation Spuriousness Ideology Conflict and consensus theory- know names, Karl Marx The dark figure of crime- Ecological fallacy Index crimes Bounding as a way of addressing memory decay and telescoping Is criminology a science? Yes and no. (lack predictive power, been able to show that some programs do not work) Hierarchy rule and series victimization Quantitative and qualitative data/Cross-sectional (take data one time) and longitudinal data (check up on data, continue questioning over a period of time) Macro and micro level of measurement Independent/dependent variables (independent variable results is the dependent variable happening) Items-Know general trends Uniform Crime Reports (strengths & weaknesses)-
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Unformatted text preview: index crimes, based on arrest data smaller crimes aren’t put into data, hierarchy data (if there’s a murder and rape, only murder is shown) National Crime Victimization Survey (strengths & weaknesses)-household survey, bounding (call house back checking on crime report updates, asking if things have happened since the last call) Self-report surveys-people can lye, over reporting/under reporting, Mala inse (wrong b/c its wrong) mala prohibita-(morally wrong) Crime Patterns/Correlates of Offending/Victimization Across 1) Time 2) Geographical area (west has most crime)(south most violent crime)(northeast-least) 3) Age (peek crime-late teens early 20’s, then a drop) 4) Race (look at notes and arrest data) 5) Gender (crime is male dominated) Homicide Sexual Assault Robbery Assault...
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