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Criminology 2 - Criminology Chapter 3 Measuring crime...

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9/12/11 Criminology Chapter 3: Measuring crime- Catching the wind with a sieve Research methodology- Vocabulary - Independent (IV) and Dependent variables (DV) - IV- causes of - DV- outcome (what we are attempting to explain) Does my assigning a paper produce the needless death of student’s grandmothers? - Correlation and causality - Just because 2 items are consistently related 9correlated) does not imply a causal connection - Ex- my having an umbrella handy every time it rains does not mean I control the weather Temporal (i.e. Time) Element: - Cross- sectional data- data collected at only 1 point in time - Longitudinal data- data collected at more than 1 point in time Levels of analysis: - Macro- societal- nations, states, cities - Micro- individual To establish causality: 3 criteria: - Correlation (it is a necessary but insufficient condition0 - Temporal ordering - Spuriousness must be eliminated The dark figure of crime- the unknown and unknowable tally: Total crime
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3 General sources of crime statistics: - Official reports - Victim surveys -
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  • Fall '11
  • stew
  • National Crime Victimization Survey, Uniform Crime Reports, National Crime Victimization, Research methodology- Vocabulary

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