ch16 endocrine system

ch16 endocrine system - SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or...

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Unformatted text preview: SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question Figure 16.1 Using Figure 16.1, match the following: 1) Produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. 1) 2) Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain. 2) 3) Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics. 3) 4) Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. 4) 5) Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ. 5) 1 Figure 16.2 Using Figure 16.2, match the following hypothalamic hormones with the pituitary hormone targets: 6) Growth hormone- releasing hormone (GHRH). 6) 7) Gonadotropin- releasing hormone (GnRH). 7) 8) Prolactin- releasing hormone (PRH). 8) 9) Corticotropin- releasing hormone (CRH). 9) 10) Thyrotropin- releasing hormone (TRH). 10) MATCHING. Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1 Match the following: 11) An autoimmune problem involving the thyroid gland. 12) Hyposecretion of growth hormone. 13) Hyposecretion of the pancreas. 14) Hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex. 15) Hypersecretion of growth hormone. A) Diabetes mellitus B) Acromegaly C) Pituitary dwarfism D) Graves' disease E) Addison's disease 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 2 Match the following: 16) Hyposecretion of the thyroid in adults. 17) Hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex. 18) Hypersecretion of growth hormone. 19) Hyposecretion of the thyroid in infants. A) Cushing's disease B) Myxedema C) Acromegaly D) Cretinism 16) 17) 18) 19) Match the following: 20) The size and shape of a pea; produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands. 21) The gland that controls the fight- or- flight reaction. 22) Produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body. 23) Produces a hormone that controls blood levels of calcium and potassium by their removal from bone tissue. 24) Produces the body's major metabolic hormones. A) Adrenal medulla B) Pancreas C) Hypophysis D) Thyroid E) Parathyroid 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 3 SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question Figure 16.3 Using Figure 16.3, match the following: 25) Produces glucocorticoids. 25) 26) Produces epinephrine. 26) 27) Produces aldosterone. 27) 28) Excess hormone levels result in Cushings syndrome. 28) 29) Hormones mimic sympathetic nervous system neurotransmitters. 29) 30) Produces androgens. 30) TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 31) In humans, melatonin may inhibit sexual maturation. 31) 32) The antagonistic hormones that regulate the blood calcium level are calcitonin- parathormone. 32) 33) The hormone that raises blood sugar levels is insulin. 33) 34) Addisons disease is due to a deficit output of glucocorticoids only. 34) 35) Both "turn on" factors (hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli) and "turn off" factors (feedback inhibition and others) may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system....
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ch16 endocrine system - SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or...

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