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W1 Understanding Ethics Matrix

W1 Understanding Ethics Matrix - Understanding Ethics...

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Understanding Ethics Matrix Brandi Murobayashi ACC 375 Joseph Kronewitter February 28, 2011 1 University of Phoenix Material Understanding Ethics Matrix Utilitarian Theory Distributive Justice Theory Entitlement Theory Brief summary The Utilitarian Theory can be described as the “greatest happiness principle.” It emphasizes making decisions based on the greatest “utility” for the greatest number as the end result. Under this theory, the ethics of an act are determined by the end result (Hartman, 2005). So in essence, the “end can justify the means” (Wells, 2008, p. 404). The Distributive Justice Theory is based upon the concept of fairness. Under this theory, ethical acts or decisions result in an equal distribution of goods and services. Inequality is permitted only when it is for the benefit of all, particularly the least advantaged (Hartman, 2005). The Entitlement Theory is best described as “justice in holdings.” Under this theory, a person who acquires a holding is entitled to the holding.
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