Chapter 23 Wrap Up

Chapter 23 Wrap Up - Chapter 23 Wrap Up America and World...

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Chapter 23 Wrap Up America and World War I I. America Just Can’t Stay Neutral a. Europe Split i. Triple Alliance (Central Powers) of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empire ii. Triple Entente (Allies) of Britain, France and Russia iii. Secret treaties led to tangled alliances that pledged when one nation was attacked the other nation considered the attack an act of war iv. Europe officially went to war in 1914 when a Serbian nationalist assassinated the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne 1. later on most blamed Germany for the war though – as it egged on Austria-Hungary and hoped to expand its territory b. Nominally a Neutral Country i. America sought to be a neutral country primarily because it did not wish to get entangled in foreign wars and it wanted to continue to trade with all parties. Trade was very important as America was becoming the most significant industrial power in the world. 1. if you look at the maps in ThomsonNOW you can see that overall America traded much more with Britain than with Germany – why might that be? After the war began one reason was that Britain blockaded German ports and would not let Americans through. .. ii. Progressive Reformers were also afraid that a focus on war would take government efforts away from reforms – which happened c. Not as Far Removed from Europe i. When it came down to it most Americans saw themselves as the descendents of Englishmen (and women). While most WASPS had been in America for quite some time, they felt a connection to the Allies d. “He Kept Us Out of War” i. the vast majority of Americans were happy not to be involved in European conflicts – and they reelected Wilson in 1916 with this slogan e. U-Boats, Zimmerman Telegram i. German u-boats were deadly – as the subs were vulnerable by design they rejected what had been “civilized” warfare of the past and did not announce an intent to fire – they fired before they could be detected and destroyed themselves. They became deadly weapons as American continued to trade with Europe ii. Germany warned Americans not to travel, but Wilson and others believed that travel was a right (similar to life, liberty and t he pursuit of happiness?) 1. Lusitania – the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 was significant and engendered outrage but it did not immediately cause Americans to engage in the war 2. Germany did halt its sub warfare
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iii. Zimmerman Telegram 1. in early 1917 this did outrage many Americans, but I’ve always been fascinated how Germany supposedly promised Mexico lands that America had acquired from the Mexican American War – namely they were ready to give Mexico back Arizona, New Mexico, Texas – but no California! And Texas won it’s independence “fair and square” a decade before the war’s outbreak. iv.
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Chapter 23 Wrap Up - Chapter 23 Wrap Up America and World...

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