Chapter 27 Wrap Up
War Over – New World Order Begins
11 million Americans return from war, but lost their innocence and
The GI Bill
In an effort to stave off a postwar depression, Congress passed the
GI Bill of Rights in 1944, which allowed for free education, good
loans for businesses or homes, vocational training, unemployment.
To all honorably discharged vets
Costs the government $13 billion
This leads to immense growth in the economy as education
increases, more homes bought and sold, etc.
They yearn for normal lives
that means family, house, car – in an atmosphere if
prosperity they get this
Work – Bye Bye Rosie
Men return home and women expected to leave the factories
if they wanted to stay it was seen as a form of penis envy
and the women were neurotic. They were told to refocus
their lives around the home and family.
better paying jobs for greater diversity of Americans allowing
them to earn a living wage
Taft-Hartley Act 1947
made the closed shop illegal but union shop okay.
got around it by passing “right to work” legislation
This was during early 1945 when FDR, Churchill and Stalin had
gotten together and planned the division of Germany into four
It was clear that the big 3 (and we’ll include FR too) would
determine world events
Modeled after League of Nations, est. Spring 1945 to keep
Provided a forum for international conflicts
Deteriorating relationship with Soviets makes other alliances very
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) – signed in
1949 by 12 nations (Denmark, US, Canada, BR, FR, Italy,
Belgium, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark,
Norway, Portugal and Iceland.
..), others join later. – armed
attack against one was considered an armed attack against
Countered by Soviet bloc with Warsaw Pact
New State of Israel 1948 with UN backing