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Chapter 29 Wrap Up

Chapter 29 Wrap Up - Chapter 29 Wrap Up I Johnson a The...

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Chapter 29 Wrap Up I. Johnson a. The Kennedy legacy i. LBJ Uses to his advantage in order to pass legislation ii. When he entered office most Americans were willing to accept change in race and economic inequality, so he had the majority behind him iii. Passed a flood of legislation meant to help Americans at home and level the playing field b. Policies at Home i. The War on Poverty 1. January 1964 - Congress included measures to attack illiteracy, help the inner city youth find jobs, improve conditions of depressed Appalachia, train unskilled workers, provide small business loans a. Appalachian Regional Development Act 1966 – poured $1.1 billion into enhancing the standard of living there b. Medicare and Medicaid sought to help the elderly and the needy ii. 1964 Civil Rights Act 1. gave the government new authority to protect voting rights and bar discrimination in employment, housing, schools, public accommodations a. includes clause about discrimination against women iii. The Great Society 1. this was an update of the New Deal, wanted to complete and round out the welfare state FDR began (and Truman tried to accomplish as well) 2. hoped to end poverty, have equal opportunities for all Americans, restore decaying inner cities, guarantee voting rights of all Americans, provide access to college for virtually everyone, raise the cultural level of the nation, restore safety of highways, purify air, streams and lakes 3. Equal Opportunity Act a. Very important for rural or inner city impoverished areas – provided Headstart Programs, Community Action Programs that let the poor decide what was best for them – created jobs for a great deal of minorities II. The Basics of Vietnam a. Principal players i. North Vietnamese 1. led by Ho Chi Minh, Democratic Republic of Vietnam ii. South Vietnamese (ARVN Army of the Republic of Vietnam) 1. led by president Diem in a US backed “democracy” until 1963 when he was assassinated- 1
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a. a Catholic in a largely Buddhist nation – he discriminated against Communists and his own people alike, with large crackdowns and much corruption iii. Vietcong 1. freedom fighters located in South Vietnam (also called the Liberation Front) b. Escalates the War in Vietnam i. The reasoning behind the war in Vietnam was faulty because Ho Chi Minh was a nationalist, not really a communist, and he didn’t plan on spreading communism further, but LBJ and others believed in the “domino effect” that if one nation fell to communism others would too ii. This brought out the “worst” in LBJ because he was a victim of his times and the idea that Russia was evil and the Cold War must be won at all costs, but he really just wanted to focus on domestic policy iii. His foreign advisors tended to tell him that things were progressing when they weren’t – not good iv. He didn’t want to appear weak and “lose Vietnam” like Truman had “lost China” v. Truman Doctrine (as had Kennedy’s actions) had ensured that Americans would step in if outside influences threatened nations c.
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