12 Jan political theory

12 Jan political theory - 1/12/10 Both the Prince and the...

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1/12/10 Both the Prince and the Discourses Seem totally different Prince is short handbook of advice for a prince. the Discourses endorse republicanism. Chapter I "All states and all dominions that hold and have held power over men have been and are either republics or principalities." Simple classification True for the world Machiavelli lived in. Mostly monarchies Some of Northern Italy was still republican. Ch 2—Focus on principalities because the Discourses was about republics Kinds of Monarchies Hereditary Run according to tradition "normal" / "usual" monarchy Recent Foundation entirely new (Milan) new possession (King of Spain— Ferdinand —created a new regime) Different Types of Principalities Chapter 2—Hereditary Principalities Short chapter Follow customs of your country New Princes are much more interesting Start small and enlarge through conquest Start out as a common person and seize power (more capable) Anti-traditional figures—illegitimate (eventually become legal by founding a dynasty). Machiavelli never condemns them for being illegitimate [Traditional political vocabulary—consider Shakespeare—usurpers or tyrants —Machiavelli never uses these words because they are inherently evaluative] **HOW THE PRINCE SHOULD BE READ** Doing more than just gaining power—they are creating and radically reforming states (state-builders). Absorption of smaller semi-independent states. (Like Ferdinand) -> makes Machiavelli more respectable. This was an important historical change.
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12 Jan political theory - 1/12/10 Both the Prince and the...

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