Chapter 30 Wrap Up

Chapter 30 Wrap Up - Chapter 30 Wrap Up I. Civil Rights...

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Chapter 30 Wrap Up I. Civil Rights Movement Transforms a. Regions Shift b. Ideology shifts i. Focused around Religion, Non-violent Protest II. Power Movements a. Black Panthers/Black Power i. SNCC and CORE 1. Civil Rights protesters had gotten more youthful and then resented the violence against them – pledged to fight off whites and be more militant in the struggle for civil rights 2. began direct protest a. then SNCC threw whites out of leadership positions – it had been a student movement and an integrated movement, but blacks were becoming wary of whites having leadership positions, something that they had historically done to maintain power over blacks ii. Black Panthers 1. start monitoring police action against blacks, became a militant organization that advocated protecting themselves against oppression 2. also involved in public programs like food kitchens, not just a bunch of potential murderers 3. led by Bobby Seale and H. Rap Brown – talked lots of shit but could see the momentum and force behind people of color demonstrating how what the establishment – middle class white America – had was not available to them – and then rejecting it b. American Indian Movement 1. Long history of repression of American Indian culture ii. Alcatraz 1. First watershed event not tied to the “official organization” but was the occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Fran Bay 2. November 1969 a local gathering place for Indian families in San Francisco burned down under mysterious circumstances – the youth decided to get Alcatraz as a cultural center 3. People from all over the country contributed to the cause and poured onto the island 4. The Indians claimed they had title to the land through the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty – offered to buy it from the govt for $24 and some beads like Manhattan was bought 5. occupation leads to an immense feeling of solidarity and goodwill – lasts 19 months 6. it was a message that native people wanted to determine their own destiny and make their own decisions iii. AIM (American Indian Movement) 1
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1. had begun by ex-cons in Minneapolis in 1868 when they realized that the police were jailing many more Indians than should have based on population figures – began monitoring police radios and arriving at the scene to watch what happened, make sure Indians weren’t jailed needlessly 2. this also began as an urban movement – many American Indians were being encouraged and helped by the government to move into urban areas far away from their homelands, get jobs and hopefully blend into their new environments. 3. It turns into a rural tribal-based thing as well as traditionals clashed with corrupt leaders – on Pine Ridge there was a Civil War 4. AIM considered itself a “Robin Hood” there for the native people to ask for help and they would come a. they did have national resources and lots of man and womanpower and energy to bring to conflicts iv. Occupations 1. BIA 1972, Wounded Knee 1973
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HST 110 taught by Professor Enloe during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Chapter 30 Wrap Up - Chapter 30 Wrap Up I. Civil Rights...

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