1. key Points - Descartes' Meditations

1. key Points - Descartes' Meditations - Descartes...

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Descartes’ Meditations - Key points -Sceptical doubt and it’s use in the quest for certainty -The waves of doubt applications of the method -The possibility of total deception -Absolute certainty of the ‘Cogito’ and it’s implications -Arguments for distinguishing mind and body -The essential natures of mind and body The wax example and it’s purposes -The role of the imagination -The proof of material things -Descartes’ rationalism The role of Clear and Distinct Perceptions -Trademark argument -Ontological argument -The role of God in Descartes’ system -The relation of mind and body; independence and the intermingling thesis The Method of Doubt Plan -Demolish all old opinions -Left with certainties to build knowledge -Not agree with anything with the slightest doubt -Try and doubt the opinions that are the basis for other opinions Wave 1 - SENSES -Sometimes deceived us Shouldn’t ever trust e.g. Mirages, hallucinations, illusions BUT… I cant doubt things that are immediately obvious e.g. Sitting here Wave 2 - DREAMS -When we are asleep we have extremely realistic experiences that aren’t true. -Impossible to distinguish between being awake and being asleep BUT…
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Experience in dreams are like paintings They must be based on experiences from the waking life The basic constituents (ingredients) must be the same e.g. Colours Material Shape Quantity Size Time Takes up space Wave 3 - GOD/DECEIVING DEMON -If God is omnipotent he could make us wrong about everything Even Maths BUT… God id good Why does he deceive us If this is the case though, why do we ever go wrong? If God doesn’t exist and we came about through random chance then there is no reason to think we can ever find certainty Problems with the Method of Doubt -To an extent, he doesn’t doubt God At that point in history he could get killed -Doesn’t doubt logic or reason but uses then REPLY He needs some assumptions -Just casually ejects the problem of his madness -Solitary meditation might not give the right answers Impossible to explain the world from your point of view Other people have their own view points that you cant understand e.g. Inverted colour spectrum Could all Paintings be Forgeries -There must be an original to be copied from Some paintings are forgeries All painting might be forgeries
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Some senses are deceptive All senses might be deceptive Need correct sensory info to compare to Sometimes I dream I might always be dreaming You can define when dreaming Vs when not dreaming -People dream in different ways -Need something to base dreams on Cant dream about something if you’ve never seen it before The 2 nd Meditation -What conclusions does Descartes draw up from this discussion? -He confirms the truth of the ‘Cogito’
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1. key Points - Descartes' Meditations - Descartes...

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