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09-16-08[1] - Subjectivism Subjectivism o Proponents...

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Subjectivism Subjectivism o Proponents believe that morality is subjective, which is to say that what is right and wrong depends on the individual who is making particular moral judgments o Subjectivism is similar to cultural relativism insofar as it claims morality is dependent on the perspective of particular people o Subjectivism is different than cultural relativism insofar as it claims morality depends on individuals, rather than societies o There are two main types of moral subjectivism: Simple Subjectivism Simple subjectivists think that when we communicate our moral judgments we directly tell others about, i.e. report , our own feelings Emotivism Emotivists think that when we communicate our moral judgments we express our feelings Simple Subjectivism o When I say “murder is wrong” I am saying “I disapprove of murder”. o “X is wrong” = “I disapprove of X” o “X is right” = “I approve of X” o I have a feeling of approval or disapproval about something in the world, and then I report that I have this feeling when I make a moral assertion o There are two significant problems with simple subjectivism: There are no moral disagreements Simple subjectivism can have two statements that are moral assertions but happen to be opposites not be in contradiction with each other even though both statements are true from their respective perspectives; this is a problem since if two things are in
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