09-18-08[1] - Varieties of Moral Realism o Plato proposed a...

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Unformatted text preview: Varieties of Moral Realism o Plato proposed a Theory of Forms The forms or ideas are perfect universals, like the perfect horse (for example), which all particular things in the world instantiate in a limited and imperfect way The forms are outside of the physical world, and beyond the physical senses (but not the intellect), and the greatest of all the forms is the form of the Good o Aristotle rejected Plato’s Theory of Forms (and presented some ingenious arguments against it) He accepted that there are Forms/Ideas but contended that they are in the world; they are what makes the world intelligible to us Each individual thing in the world has a purpose or telos that springs from its form (i.e. from the kind of thing it is) Goodness is seen every day in the natural world The purpose of human beings is to act and thing rationally, i.e. virtuously o David Hume favored a naturalistic account of the world, i.e. a mechanical account of the world and mind that had no place for talk of purposes Human beings have reason and passion (feelings), but morality springs from passion, rather than reason Emotivists anti-realists (like A.J. Ayer) have been significantly influenced by Hume However, there is a strong realist flavor to Hume’s writing on ethics, and...
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course PHIL 1305 taught by Professor Gordon during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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09-18-08[1] - Varieties of Moral Realism o Plato proposed a...

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