10-16-08[1] - Utilitarian Principles o We have seen that...

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Utilitarian Principles o We have seen that the basic utilitarian moral principle is: An action A is right (i.e. permissible) if and only if A has as high a utility as any alternative action that the agent could perform instead o A complementary utilitarian principle is: An action A is wrong (i.e. impermissible) if and only if A has less utility than an alternative action that the agent could perform instead Three Forms of Utilitarianism o Hedonic Utilitarianism An action A is right if and only if A would produce at least as high an overall balance of pleasure v. pain as would any alternative action available to the agent o Desire Satisfaction Utilitarianism An action A is right if and only if A would produce at least as high an overall balance of the satisfaction of people’s desires as would any alternative action available to the agent o Objective List Utilitarianism An action A is right if and only if A would produce at least as high an overall balance of goods on an objective list as would any alternative action available to the agent. Rule Utilitarianism o So far we have been considering utilitarianism as a theory that focuses directly on the consequences of acts . In fact this act utilitarianism should be distinguished from rule utilitarianism o Rule utilitarians contend that the moral status of acts can only be determined by
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10-16-08[1] - Utilitarian Principles o We have seen that...

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