10-23-08[1] - Kants Ethics Kants Ethics o Most famous text...

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Kant’s Ethics Kant’s Ethics o Most famous text is the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785 )… begins by arguing: That morality is based in the faculty of reason possessed by each of us Moral principles are thus principles that we can each discover through thinking for ourselves, and will each be motivated by whenever we are rational – moral laws are laws of rationality Such principles or laws do not depend on our inclinations or feelings, so what is most clearly noble in human beings is the will that is motivated by duty alone this good will does not consider the consequences of acting, but only what rationality dictates (hence Kant is a deontologist) rationality requires us to take an impartial perspective and thus accept as moral laws only those rules that everyone could follow (the Categorical Imperative) The Good Will o He thinks that his reflections on this topic are very close to ordinary, common sense views o Contends that the only thing in the world that is always good (“good without limitation”) is the good will o Everything else that we might praise about people’s characters (e.g. courage, perseverance, understanding, self-control) can be bad if tied to a bad will, even though they can also help a good will o Power, riches, honor, health, and even happiness can also run contrary to a good will, an thus be bad (“a good will seems to constitute the indispensable condition
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course PHIL 1305 taught by Professor Gordon during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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10-23-08[1] - Kants Ethics Kants Ethics o Most famous text...

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