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10-28-08[1] - Deontology II Three key points about Kants...

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Deontology II Three key points about Kant’s moral theory o To act in a morally good way is to act from duty o To act from duty requires us to act rationally and on a moral principle instead of just following our feelings or considering the consequences of following the principle o Genuine moral principles must be categorical imperatives, i.e. they must hold independently of any particular desires that we may have The Categorical Imperative o After distinguishing between hypothetical imperatives and categorical imperatives at the beginning of Section II of the Groundwork, Kant turns to consider the Categorical Imperative o Categorical imperatives are any moral principles that are binding on all rational agents, e.g. I ought not to lie o The Categorical Imperative is Kant’s “supreme principle of morality”, i.e. the most general, universal principle of practical reason that tells us how we ought to behave once we put all our desires or inclinations to one side. The Hypothetical Imperative
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