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agBiofuels - secure market so even small farmers can profit...

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Biofuels PRO’s o Renewable energy source o Theoretically carbon neutral o Could be sourced from crop residue o Could make use of marginal land (that is otherwise unproductive) CON’s o In reality does not only use marginal land o Uses a lot of land  decreases food security o Indirectly fuels deforestation* (e.g. in Brazil) as demand for land increases o Subsidies mean less profits for poor farmers Biofuels are a potential ‘win-win’ solution: o They address the oil crisis   providing renewable energy source o They address the climate crisis   theoretically CO 2  neutral o They address the poverty crisis 
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Unformatted text preview: secure market, so even small farmers can profit Clancy argues that large-scale biofuel farming for ethanol is not a ‘pro-poor’ strategy: o It reduces (bio)diversity and so makes the communities more dependent and vulnerable (e.g. to market fluctuations) o It reduces food security, as prices increase and production decreases o The amount of corn needed to fill an SUV tank could feed a person for a year not efficient use of resources. *Deforestation fuelled by biofuel production not only reduces biodiversity but also releases vast amounts of carbon from the forest stores....
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