agGender issues

agGender issues - GenderInequalities&FemaleEmpowerment...

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Gender  between them. There are socially constructed norms about what men and women are  ‘supposed’ to do. Empowerment  political betterment of people than simple poverty reduction (Said, 2009). This is because it goes beyond physical changes in people’s lives, to include  psychological changes (also important in ensuring a better standard of living). Women’s empowerment can refer to: o Individual empowerment (e.g. household decision-making power, self-confidence, etc) o Collective empowerment (e.g. amending unjust laws, etc) There is a difference between theoretical and actual power. E.g.  de jure  means it is law,  de facto  means it is in reality.  These may be different: a woman may legally have rights, but under social  pressures she may be unable to exercise them. For example, in many parts of India it is law that (Muslim) women can inherit  land    de jure . However, in reality, there is a social pressure/custom to give the inherited land to  her brother, so that he will protect her    de facto . Hindu women do not have the choice to inherit land. However, in both cases the 
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course AG 2373 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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agGender issues - GenderInequalities&FemaleEmpowerment...

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