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Agriculture and Farming Definitions

Agriculture and Farming Definitions - but not enough to...

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Agriculture and Farming Definitions Farming/ Agriculture: the producing of desired products by cultivation of certain plants (crops) and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock) Extensive farming: system of farming using few inputs of bought feed and fertilizer. It is usually carried out over wide areas, for example Malham sheep farms in North Yorkshire Intensive farming: system of farming with the aim to produce the maximum yield from the land available. This is an unsustainable farming method, although on short- term it often provides high profits, for example battery hen farms in China Commercial farming: part of the yield is sold by the farmer, so that he has capital income because of his farm. Subsistence farming: the farm only produces enough for the farmer and his family,
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Unformatted text preview: but not enough to sell products as well, for example many farmers in LEDC’s run subsistence farms Arable farming: this is the farming of plants (crops), for example wheat or apples Pastoral farming: this is the farming of livestock, for example sheep, salmon or dairy cows Shifting cultivation: this is the process by which people take land to use for agriculture, but then abandon it after a short time (because the land is “used up”), for example areas of the Amazon rainforest are cleared for cow grazing, only for the soil to be eroded and therefore infertile Nomadic pastoralism: when communities of people do not live in one settlement, but travel around following herds of animals, for example when North American Indian tribes followed buffalo herds...
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