beaaan - Bean, R., Comparative Industrial Relations: An...

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Bean, R., ‘Comparative Industrial Relations: An introduction to cross national perspectives’ 2 nd edition, Routledge: London In France the importance and influence of unions is much greater than the low membership figures would imply because their strength depends more on social and political influence than on organisational membership. Clegg argues that inter country divergences can be attributed to the variations in extent and depth of collective bargaining. Therefore because Sweden has the widest coverage of collective bargaining for manual and white collar employees along with well developed workplace organisations but also member firms of the centralised employer’s body support trade union membership and encourage them to join and remain in the union. .. Sweden trade unions further facilitating of administering the unemployment insurance scheme provides one of the strongest incentives for union membership. In the case of France, the low level of union membership may be explained partly by the deep rooted ideological divisions within the fragmented trade union movement which has hampered the recruitment and retention of members but more importantly because of the late development and lack of depth of collective bargaining whose regulatory affect has been limited. A specific intention of the Auroux laws was to redirect the institutionalisation of the unions towards the company. There has also been a log history of opposition to trade unionism and lack of support for union security at enterprise level by employers in small paternalistic firms and more recently a greater emphasis on direct forms of communication and increase individualisation of the employment relationship. There is little perceived usefulness of union membership under the erga omnes principle whereby all workers receive any collectively bargained benefits in any event. Similarly social legislation has provided workers directly with benefits which unions have been unable to obtain via collective bargaining, a further disincentive to unionise. The low capitalisation of industry together with its subordinate position place to agriculture until fairly recently and an early development of the service sector of the economy have tended to limit workers bargaining power and diversification made for greater difficulties of organisation. The original 1936 legislation on union rights within the enterprise gave the most representative union s in the plant the right to bargain and not necessarily the majority union thus the allocation of bargaining rights to minority unions may also help explain the chronic weakness of union organisation in France; thus it can be seen as a state created one. It has been found that the large size of the public sector and the
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beaaan - Bean, R., Comparative Industrial Relations: An...

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