BRADLEY_WORKER_VOICE_HRM_EXAM[1] - Bradley Worker Voice...

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Bradley - Worker Voice Introduction Three reasons for union decline: 1. Expression of the weakening of class based collectivism which could be linked to death of the class 2. The changing structure of employment from manufacturing to private sector services undermined union power 3. employers increasingly concerned with excluding unions through unitarist techniques such as HRM. Employees & managers go towards common goal now which is thought to make less conflict Conservative gov 1979-1997 passed legislation restricting union power (i.e. ballots) together with social and macro economic policies curbing strength Labour gov 1997 partially reversed hostile leg (i.e. recognition procedure) also espoused quasi-unitarist rhetoric about ‘Partnership’ at work to replace conflict with common aims In 1960-70s trade unions through TUC helped formulate public policy In exchange for wage restraint, offered ‘Social Contract’ with more supportive measures in workplace Yet Conservative gov elected 1979-97 who reduced scale & scope of unions by excluding them from participating in public policy. Not only excluded political arena, but also legislation that restricted their operations Prior to this, UK unions benefited from immunities when collectively organising or taking strike action to prevent being challenged in courts by employers. E.g. Trade Union Act 1984 secret ballot before industrial action to make lawful E.g. Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993 unions required to give employers 7 days notice before strike Legilsation aimed to a) reduce union power b) undermine collectivism in favour of individualism to diminish legitimacy unions further Questioned extent to which legislation affected union decline amongst other factors such as economy and composition of the workforce (Dunn & Metcalf, 1996). Historially unions have had links with Labour party, so looked forward to their reign in 1997. However, Labour party thought links with its industrial conflict and distruption were damaging so began to distance This was accelerated when Tony Blair came into power and policies for competitive markets, with a broad unitarist approach was conceived.
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Unions seen as part of infrastructure of UK but under ‘partnerhsip’ with employers so that economy could be ‘modernised’. (thus saw unions as holding back competitiveness). Policies of Employers
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course AG 2373 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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BRADLEY_WORKER_VOICE_HRM_EXAM[1] - Bradley Worker Voice...

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