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Unformatted text preview: Labor & Monopoly Capital; The Degradation of Work in the 20 th Century (1974) Harry Braverman Briefing: Key Points of the reading: Chapter 4. Braverman connected Marx and Taylor’s work. He concluded that the division of labor or the division of men rather, takes the brain away from the man and systematically takes the skill away from the people. Fact-Craft workers did their job by taking everything and putting it together. Capitalists broke down the labor process, destroyed the craft that was under the workers control and society collectively adapted this process which gave management more control and meaning. Fact-It costs more to pay a person to do several tasks than it does to do one “specific” task. The worker becomes de-skilled in this sense and turns into a detail worker, one who works on the minute segments of a product instead of the whole piece himself. Fact-Labor power is a commodity whose purchasers seek to cheapen it. Babbage Principle: Recognizes that those highly skilled workers end up doing work that is “underneath” their skill level and that there are advantages in the division of labor that could cut labor costs if only the highly skilled worker receives a matching position and a higher pay, while the lower skilled worker receives a lower skill task and pay. Basically it will “break the job up into its most basic skilled worker receives a lower skill task and pay....
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- Fall '10
- workers, worker, highly skilled worker