Compare and contrast the role of the employment

Compare and contrast the role of the employment -...

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Employment relations system in ‘transition’ societies.
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“Transition” = systems in “transformation”, undergoing radical change The reading pack gives examples of Socio-political transformation (ECE, SA) and economic transition (China, India) Employment relations within the context of a system in transformation: how the interaction between the employers and employed fit in such a process
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ECE: Ex-communist Europe 3 pillars of reform: 1 – Stabilization 2 – Liberalization 3 – Privatization Impact on ER: Sharp drop in real wages Endangered job security, unemployment. Little room for wage bargaining Dismantled the universal systems of social security benefits Role of ER common in ECE countries: Build a broad consensus for reforms Provide support for the necessary reforms and preserve social stability in the face of rapidly deteriorating living standards Facilitate Consultation and negotiations over broad economic and social policies Resolve labour issues such as wages, employment and working conditions
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Czech Republic ER Principles : low-wage and low-unemployment compromise ER characteristic: Unique to the Czech system: wide scope of its Active Labour Market Policies, that set guidelines for all economic sectors on a number of important issues involving economic and social policy, wage policy Social policy concessions to cushion the drop in real wages Guarantees of no mass lay-off Strong Unions - - Union friendly legislations – Law on collective bargaining (1991) which extended unions’ collective bargaining powers - Governments are responsive to union demands
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Hungary ER Principles: income policy packages to determine national minimum wage ER characteristics: Weak Unions: Role of unions limited to strictly labour-related issues Governments bypass the tripartite institution and rely on its absolute majority in parliament to impose policy packages that adversely affected employees.
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Compare and contrast the role of the employment -...

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