agAddressing the Problem of Poverty

agAddressing the Problem of Poverty - poor become wealthier...

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Addressing the Problem of Poverty There are ‘zero sum’ arguments suggesting the amount of total resources are fixed, so  one persons gain is inevitably another persons loss. However, this justifies inaction and is  therefore not helpful in addressing the problem and trying to find solutions Up until recently, economic growth was seen as key   there was emphasis on ‘trickle- down’ models, but these were often ‘top-down’ approaches that tried to apply the one- size-fits-all concept. Consequently there were often failures, as they were out of context   poverty is not just  an economic issue, but also a social issue. Theory of trade liberalisation (OECD, 1997): Trade liberalisation   economic growth 
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Unformatted text preview: poor become wealthier more resources for environmental protection However this model is over-simplistic. Furthermore, the free market increases competition and eliminates those ill-placed to compete (i.e. the poor). Reed (2002) suggests the following changes to alleviate poverty: o Institutional reform to increase control over and access to resources o Provision of education, services (e.g. healthcare), etc o Rural investment o Rural representation o Opportunities for small farms, too o Rural communities recognised as (and being paid for being) environmental stewards It is difficult (but important!) to avoid trade-offs between short-term benefits and long-term solutions....
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