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agCollective Action Theory and Stakeholder Participation - Introductions

AgCollective Action Theory and Stakeholder Participation - Introductions

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Collective Action Theory - Introduction Collective action is the pursuit of goal(s) by more than one person. It is concerned with the provision of public goods a& the impact of externalities (indirect  benefits & costs) on behaviour. The Stern review (2007) states no two countries will face the exact same impacts of  climate change, but because it is a global problem, collective action is needed to mitigate  and adapt. The Game Theory suggests changing incentives can make co-operation more appealing. Collective action can be associated with a shift from ‘government’ to ‘governance’  this is shifting from top-down management to bottom-up initiatives based on stakeholder 
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Unformatted text preview: participation. (Bottom-up initiatives are usually less controversial as they are based on consensus & peaceful conflict resolution) Stakeholder Participation - Introduction Stakeholder someone with an interest/stake in a decision-making process. People can belong to different stakeholder groups (i.e. they have multi-identities) Arnstein’s Participation Ladder (1969) [simplified version] Citizen control Citizen power: 2 way information flow Partnership Consultation Tokenism: 1 way information flow Informing Non-participation Manipulation...
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