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Unformatted text preview: JDI 2010 1 BTW Drones 2AC Afghanistan Drones 2AC AT: T—Substantially Reduce 1. We meet—Plan restricts the use and presence of all drone technology in Afghanistan. The 1AC says drones are a major portion of US military presence in Afghanistan. 2. Counter-interpretation— A. Substantially means considerably or in an ample way Encarta, 09 ( Encarta World English Dictionary, http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/dictionary/DictionaryResults.aspx? refid=1861716589) sub·stan·tial·ly adverb Definition: 1. considerably: in an extensive, substantial, or ample way B. Substantially is always relative to context – their percentage def from a random court case is moot Words and Phrases 95 (Vol. 40, 1995, p. 458). In State v. Rose the court held that “ the term ‘substantially’ is relative and must be considered within the context of the particular fact situation ; in essence, it means less than totally or the whole, but more than imaginary” C. Reduce means to make smaller Webster’s 93 (Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, online at Emory) reduce vb -ED/-ING/-S b (1) : to diminish in size, amount, extent, or number : make smaller: LESSEN, SHRINK 3. We meet the counter-interpretation—Drones represent a considerable portion of current US military presence in Afghanistan Iqbal, 6/19 [Anwar Iqbal, Dawn.com, 6/19/10, http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/the-newspaper/front- page/13+us-plans-75pc-increase-in-drone-operations-320-za-05.] The US defence budget for 2011 seeks more funds to enhance drone operations by 75 per cent , citing its success in targeting militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan’s tribal belt. “ With this funding, we will increase the unmanned Predator and Reaper orbits from 37 to 65, while enhancing our ability to process, exploit and disseminate information gathered by this game-changing technology,” said Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen. “As we’ve seen firsthand through eight years of war, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets are absolutely critical enablers for the war-fighter,” he said. US Defence Secretary Robert Gates, while briefing journalists on the 2011 budget, said the new drones would be added to the American military’s arsenal “in a couple of years” and these would be “the most advanced UAVs”. On Monday afternoon , the Pentagon sent a $708 billion defence budget proposal to Congress, reflecting a shift in the US military strategy from conventional wars to counter-insurgency. The three separate requests include the $548.9 billion fiscal 2011 base budget, $159.3 billion fiscal 2011 overseas contingency operations proposal and the $33 billion fiscal 2010 supplemental. The counter-insurgency budget funds US operations in Afghanistan , Pakistan and Iraq. The supplemental covers costs of implementing President Obama’s new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The budget also allocates funds for more helicopters in Afghanistan and for adding two more army combat...
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- Spring '12
- Orientalism, President of the United States, Unmanned aerial vehicle, President Barack Obama, military presence