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Isolationism-Disadvantage---Starter-Packet---Samford -...

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Isolationism DA  Samford Debate Institute Opening Packet ISOLATIONISM DISADVANTAGE Thesis: The thesis of this disadvantage is that a substantial reduction in the US military presence in the world will be perceived by allies as a retreat from the globe, undermining the US ability to get nations’ cooperation in solving the world’s problems. Two critical concepts to understand with this disadvantage are the ideas of soft power and hegemony. Right now, Barack Obama has increased the soft power of the United States, or the ability of the country to persuade other nations to join with the United States in building coalitions for peace, solve global warming, decrease global poverty, etc. However, the Affirmative plan rips a long-standing commitment of the United States out from underneath the feet of a trusted ally, making the United States look flippant and reckless in its international commitments. This decreases trust not only from the topic country, but from everyone around the globe who now views the United States as wishy-washy in its desire to help the world solve its problems. This undermines the hegemony of the United States, or the global influence that one power maintains in brokering peace agreements and maintaining global stability. Hosts of international relations scholars think that a world with a stable hegemon is much safer than a world of multiple competing countries. The decline in US hegemony risks warfare, instability, and an inability to solve the problems facing the world at the dawn of the 21 st century.
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Isolationism DA  Samford Debate Institute Opening Packet Isolationism DA Shell (1/2) A. Uniqueness: Obama has restored hard and soft power now: Joseph S. Nye, 2010 (Professor of International Affairs @ Harvard), April 14, 2010. Online. Internet. Accessed April 25, 2010 at http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/04/14/george_hw_obama?page=full . The Obama administration has referred to a smart-power strategy that combines hard and soft power . A smart-power strategy requires that the old distinction between realists and liberals needs to give way to a new synthesis that might call liberal realism. It starts with an understanding of the strength and limits of American power. Preponderance is not empire or hegemony. As I argue in my forthcoming book, The Future of Power in the 21st Century, the United States can influence but not control other parts of the world. Power always depends upon context, and in the context of transnational relations (such as climate change, illegal drugs, pandemics, and terrorism) power is diffuse and chaotically distributed. Military power is a small part of the solution in responding to these new threats. They require cooperation among governments and international institutions . Obama seems to understand this well. He focused first on avoiding a global depression and made good use of the G-20. He has reached out to others with a series of adept speeches and symbolic gestures that restored American soft power .
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