The name Afghanistan is the product of colonial domination
Rupee News 10 [
Rupee News “The British constructed ‘Afghanistan’ as a buffer state from
remnants of Khorasan”. July 15, 2010.
The Afghans did not create their own country. Afghanistan was created by a treaty between Russia and Great
Throughout the 19th Century, the two major forces in Asia were the British, who were slowly moving North, and the Russians, who were
slowly moving South. Britain gradually took over the entire Indian sub-continent and, during the same period of time, the forces of the Czar of Russia
were taking over Turkic speaking areas, such as Samarkand and Bukhara. Peter the Great of Russia had decreed that Russia must find a warm-water
port. The British feared that Russia would try to establish that warm water port in Karachi. Meanwhile, Yakub Beg, the ruler of Kashgar in Turkestan,
wanted to establish a country called “Greater Turkestan”, which would encompass a two thousand mile long Turkish speaking area, from Urumqi in
the Xinjiang Republic of China, to Istanbul. Both the Russians and the Chinese were terrified at the prospect of such a large country at their borders.
Yakub Beg had invited the British to come to Kashgar and the Russians were worried about this. Therefore, the Russians and the British made a deal.
The Russians would stay North of the Oxus River. The British would stay south of the crest of the Himalayas.
In order to make sure
neither country would come into conflict with the other
, a sort of no-mans land was set up.
A buffer state
which would be in between the Russian and the British Empires.
The name of that Buffer
State was Afghanistan
, the place of the Afghans.
No such country had existed previously
This is the reason why an
arm of Afghanistan reaches out and touches China. That arm is called the Wakhan Corridor. There, the northern border of Afghanistan is the Oxus
River. The southern border is the crest of the Himalayas and Hindu Kush mountains, which converge together at that point. It was important to the
British that Russia never touch India. For this reason, the Wakhan Corridor, which is only eight miles wide at its narrowest point, was made part of
Afghanistan and was extended to touch China. While these negotiations were going on, the Russians were holding the King of Afghanistan in jail.
Pursuant to their agreement to set up the buffer state of Afghanistan, the Russians agreed to let King Abdul Rehman out of jail. They returned him to
his country. In 1891, the British drew what became known as the Durand Line. Everything North and West of that line was Afghanistan. Everything
South and East of the line was British India, an area which is now in Pakistan. Dr. Tajammal Naveed a fellow activist and investigative historian has