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01 wndi progressive taxes nigel 28

01 wndi progressive taxes nigel 28 - West Coast Publishing...

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West Coast Publishing Progressive Income Taxes Topic Page 1 Contents Contents ........................................................................................................................................... 1 TOPIC OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................................ 2 Resolved: Progressive Income Taxes are just .............................................................................. 2 By Nigel Ramoz-Leslie, Whitman College ................................................................................. 2 SUMMARY OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................... 2 AFFIRMATIVE CASE ................................................................................................................... 3 PROGRESSIVE TAXES REDUCE INEQUALITY .................................................................. 5 PROGRESSIVE TAXES HAVE A CONSTITUTIONAL BASIS ............................................. 6 PROGRESSIVE TAXES DO NOT CAUSE WEALTHY BACKLASH ................................... 7 PROGRESSIVE TAXES ARE GOOD FOR THE ECONOMY ................................................ 8 FLAT TAXES HAVE DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS .................................................................. 9 PROGRESSIVE TAXES CLOSE LEGAL LOOPHOLES, REDUCE TAX EVASION ......... 10 PROGRESSIVE TAXES PROVIDE REVENUE FOR SOCIAL PROGRAMS ...................... 11 SOCIALISM IS THE BEST AND ONLY WAY ..................................................................... 12 SOCIALISM BETTER FOR WORKER POLITICAL POWER ............................................. 13 MOST OPPRESSED HELPED MORE BY SOCIALISM ...................................................... 14 INEQUITY IS A SERIOUS PROBLEM ................................................................................. 15 NEGATIVE CASE ........................................................................................................................ 16 PROGRESSIVE TAXES ARE FOUNDED UPON UNEQUAL TREATMENT .................... 18 PROGRESSIVE TAXES ARE UNEQUAL ............................................................................. 19 FLAT TAXES ARE A BETTER ALTERNATIVE TO PROGRESSIVE TAXATION .......... 20 FLAT TAXES WORK BEST .................................................................................................... 21 PROGRESSIVE TAXES VIOLATE PRINCIPLES OF LIBERTY ......................................... 22 PROGRESSIVE TAXES HARM THE ECONOMY ................................................................ 23 PROGRESSIVE TAXES ENCOURAGE ILLICIT BEHAVIOR ............................................ 24 CAPITALISM IS GOOD FOR SOCIETY ................................................................................ 25 CAPITALISM MAXIMIZES LIBERTY ................................................................................. 26 CAPITALISM SPURS INNOVATION ................................................................................... 27 HISTORICAL EXAMPLES PROVE CAPITALISM IS PREFERABLE ............................... 28
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West Coast Publishing Progressive Income Taxes Topic Page 2 TOPIC OVERVIEW Resolved: Progressive Income Taxes are just By Nigel Ramoz-Leslie, Whitman College SUMMARY OVERVIEW How much of a person’s income should a government be able to tax? Does this value change based on that person’s wealth level relative to the rest of society? How should governments effectively pay for social welfare resources? These questions have been an integral component in the debate over progressive income taxes, a debate that has spanned several hundred years. Initially declared unconstitutional by the US government in the late 19 th century, the US has had an extensive history of progressive taxation trends, ranging from taxing the wealthy 90% of their income to the contemporary rate of 36%. The international development of flat taxes (taxes that have a singular base rate that everyone pays) coupled with their economic successes has generated new material in the decade-old debate, particularly in deciding where these taxes should be implemented. While the debate has focused extensively on the political and economic consequences of implementing a flat tax, this resolution allows for a philosophical examination of how ideals like justice and equality are related to ownership of assets. The Affirmative can effectively argue that redistribution of resources can add to the well-being of society as a whole. By taxing wealthier individuals, the government is able to have larger amounts of revenue that it can invest in social programs like health care and defense spending. This perspective makes extensive use of utilitarian ethics by stating that the ends of reducing inequality and poverty justify the means of appropriating minor amounts of wealth. The Affirmative can choose to apply this perspective to a variety of different income taxes (choosing only to
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