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02 wndi Juveniles Topic katie 35

02 wndi Juveniles Topic katie 35 - WNDI 2010 NFL...

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WNDI 2010 NFL LD-Juvenile felonies SUMMARIZED ESSAY: .......................................................................................................................... 2 Resolved: In the United States, juveniles charged with violent felonies ought to be treated as adults in the criminal justice system. ............................................................................................................... 2 Katie Bergus University of Oregon ...................................................................................................... 2 DEFINITIONS: ......................................................................................................................................... 3 AFFIRMATIVE: ....................................................................................................................................... 4 AFFIRMATIVE EXTENSIONS/BLOCKS: ............................................................................................. 7 TRANSFER IS CURRENTLY USED FOR FELONIES ...................................................................... 7 JUVENILES GET TOUGHER SENTENCES ...................................................................................... 8 TRANSFER DOES OCCUR ................................................................................................................ 9 A TRANSFER DECISION IS PREMISED ON COMMUNITY SENTIMENT ................................ 10 THE TRANSFER SYSTEM IS CONSISTENT ................................................................................. 11 THE TRANSFER SYSTEM IS NOT HARMFUL ............................................................................. 12 RECIDIVISM HAS ALTERIOR CAUSES ........................................................................................ 13 MISCONDUCT AND VIOLENT CRIMES SHOWS RECIVIDISM LIKELIHOOD ....................... 14 RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE ACCORDS WITH CONSEQUENTIALISM ......................................... 15 RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE IS KEY TO DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES ........................................... 16 RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE IS JUSTIFIED REGARDLESS OF EXTERNAL EFFECTS ................. 17 ADULT RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE SOLVES VICTIMS’ CONCERNS ............................................ 18 JUVENILES ARE ONLY REFERED TO ADULT COURT IN APPROPRIATE CASES ................ 19 JUVENILE COURT IS UNJUST TO FEMALES .............................................................................. 20 JUVENILES SHOULD BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE ...................................................................... 21 NEGATIVE ............................................................................................................................................. 22 NEGATIVE EXTENSIONS/BLOCKS: ............................................................................................. 23 TRANSFER IS BAD FOR THE PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH OF JUVENILES .......................... 23 TRANSFER IS BAD FOR JUVENILES ............................................................................................ 24 TRANSFER CAUSES HARM TO JUVENILES ............................................................................... 25 JUVENILES ARE LIKELY TO BE TREATED MORE HARSHLY .................................................. 26 INTERNATIONAL PRESSURES OPPOSE TREATING CHILDREN AS ADULTS WITHIN THE LEGAL SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................ 27 UNDERLYING SOCIETAL VALUES WARN AGAINST TREATING JUVENILES AS ADULTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 28 TRANSFER IS SOCIALLY HARMFUL ........................................................................................... 29 GRADUATED SANCTIONS CAN SOLVE RECIDIVISM ............................................................. 30 COMMUNITY SENTIMENT IS VARIABLE AND CAN BE EASILY MANIPULATED ............... 31 YOUTHS HAVE NOT DEVELOPED THE MENTAL CAPACITIES OF ADULTS ........................ 32 JUVENILES ARE VERY SUSCEPTIBLE TO PEER PRESSURE ................................................... 33 CHARGING JUVENILES AS ADULTS VIOLATES SOCIETAL STANDARDS ........................... 34 CRIMINAL PROSECUTION IS OFTEN BASED ON THE OFFENDER’S RACE OR GENDER . 35
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WNDI 2010 NFL LD-Juvenile felonies SUMMARIZED ESSAY: RESOLVED: IN THE UNITED STATES, JUVENILES CHARGED WITH VIOLENT FELONIES OUGHT TO BE TREATED AS ADULTS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. KATIE BERGUS UNIVERSITY OF OREGON The use of the word ought in the resolution frames the debate to be a question of the moral obligation a society has to treat juveniles as adults in the criminal justice system. This means that the foremost burden of the affirmative is to prove that the actions of the resolution are in the best interest of the morals of our society. When examining the question of what qualifies a juvenile as a juvenile, it is important to look at the discrepancy between state laws on this issue. There is a significant amount of variety in the current legal system about what age should be considered the age of majority. Whereas some states consider an indiividual a juvenile at seventeen, others draw the line as low as fourteen, and still others extend it to twenty-one. Since there is a low of inconsistency, this can cause a lot of different levels of justice to be experienced by different individuals based on the time at which they committed their crime. The age of responsibility is a similar issue for juvenile deliniation, since this is the age at which an individual is considered to understand and have intention in the crime they are committing. This age varies a
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