88 CO Topicality Volume 1

88 CO Topicality Volume 1 - Topicality DDI 2008 CO Amy...

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Topicality DDI 2008 CO Amy Senders Topicality Topicality ...................................................................................................................................................................... 1 1NC - Incentives Must Be Positive ............................................................................................................................ 2 Positive Definitions .................................................................................................................................................... 3 2NC Positive: Limits ................................................................................................................................................... 4 2NC Positive: More/Specific Limits Cards ............................................................................................................. 5 1NC Direct .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 Direct Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 7 Direct Limits ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Direct Limits ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 1NC Nuclear .............................................................................................................................................................. 10 ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Nukes not AE ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 Nuclear Limits ........................................................................................................................................................... 12 1NC Subs & Inc (1/1) ................................................................................................................................................ 13 1NC Subs & Inc (2/2) ................................................................................................................................................ 14 Substantial Definitions ............................................................................................................................................. 15 AT: Percentages are bad .......................................................................................................................................... 16 Net Increase Definitions ........................................................................................................................................... 17 1
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Topicality DDI 2008 CO Amy Senders 1NC - Incentives Must Be Positive A. Interpretation The affirmative must provide a positive incentive for alternative energy Richard H. Speier , Brian G. Chow , S. Rae Starr; Rand, 20 01. Nonproliferation Sanctions, http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR1285/MR1285.sum.pdf Incentives are positive inducements that may be offered by the United States in negotiations associated with the sanctions process. Incentives can increase the likelihood of improved foreign behavior, but they also offer opportunities to “game the system.” B. Violation The aff gives a ‘punishment’ for bad behavior instead of providing a positive inducement C. Vote Negative through a competing interpretations framework: 1. Predictable Limits : There are an infinite number of barriers that could be removed, taxes to be implemented and other ways to discourage people. 2. Ground: Positive incentives are key to negative ground because things like the states CP, fiscal discipline, etc, are key negative arguments and vital to strategy. 3. Extra-Topicality: The aff also results inevitably in increases in efficiency and decreasing fossil fuels, garnering them advantages the neg can never prepare for. 4. Topicality is a voting issue so that the negative can know what they have to prepare for. 2
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Topicality DDI 2008 CO Amy Senders Positive Definitions Incentives are subsidies and financial assistance (Energy Information Administration, US Department of Energy, 2-20 01 , Renewable Energy 2000: Issues and Trends”, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/ftproot/renewables/06282000.pdf) The term “incentive ” is used instead of “subsidy.” Incentives include subsidies in addition to other Government actions where the Government’s financial assistance is indirect . A subsidy is, generally, financial assistance granted by the Government to firms and individuals. Incentives are positive, NOT negative (Dr. Vincent Panikulangara , Lawyer, High Court of Kerala, 2-1-20 06, “SMART CITY : Kerala Model IT Industry”, http://www.gpware.net/gp.php/articles.php/0-1138794045/dubai_internet_city.html) Government has no authority to sell an autonomous body like IPK, which is successfully working on the basis of personal dealings with one single private party from abroad. IPK is not a loss making Public Sector Undertaking (PSU). Even the shares of loss making PSUs are marketed by public quotations. If IPK can be sold in this manner, eventually RCC, CDS, CESS, Kalamandalam and Press Academy can be sold. Government’s shares are limited to 9% only to make them unable to avail of the privileges under sections 297, 298 and 299 of the Companies Act. In order to petition to the Company Law Board regarding mismanagement or oppression of
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