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116 GT Offsets Counterplan

116 GT Offsets Counterplan - GT Offsets Counterplan DDI...

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GT- Offsets Counterplan DDI 2008 GT    Logan GT – Offsets Counterplan GT – Offsets Counterplan .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Strategy Sheet .............................................................................................................................................................. 4 Ethanol Subsidies ........................................................................................................................................................ 5 Ethanol 1NC ................................................................................................................................................................. 6 Ethanol 1NC ................................................................................................................................................................. 7 Ethanol 1NC ................................................................................................................................................................. 8 Ethanol Increases Food Prices .................................................................................................................................. 9 Ethanol Increases Food Prices ................................................................................................................................ 10 Food Scarcities = Failed States ................................................................................................................................ 11 Food Prices Increasing ............................................................................................................................................. 12 High Food Prices Hurt Global Stability ................................................................................................................ 13 Pakistan Module ........................................................................................................................................................ 14 South Africa Module ................................................................................................................................................ 15 South Africa Module ................................................................................................................................................ 16 South Africa Module ............................................................................................................................................... 17 South Africa = Regional Leader ............................................................................................................................. 18 Liberia Module .......................................................................................................................................................... 19 AT: Ethanol Isn’t Substantial ................................................................................................................................. 20 McCain Loves the CP ............................................................................................................................................... 21 Obama Would Hate the CP ..................................................................................................................................... 22 AT: But Corn Ethanol is Good ............................................................................................................................... 23 PTC ............................................................................................................................................................................. 24 PTC 1NC .................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Boom-Bust Style of PTC Bad .................................................................................................................................. 27 Though the historical impacts of the PTC are well known, somewhat less-recognized is the fact that the frequent expiration/extension cycle that we have seen since 1999 has had several negative consequences for the growth of the wind sector. Due to the series of 1- to 2-year PTC extensions, growing demand for wind power has been compressed into tight and frenzied windows of development. This has led to boom- and-bust cycles in renewable energy development, under-investment in wind turbine manufacturing capacity in the U.S., and variability in equipment and supply costs, making the PTC less effective in stimulating low-cost wind development than might be the case if a longer-term and more-stable policy 1
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GT- Offsets Counterplan DDI 2008 GT    Logan were established. More specifically, some of the potentially negative impacts of the PTC expirations and shorter- term extensions on the wind industry are as follows: .......................................................................... 27 1. Slowed Wind Development: Data in Figure 1 demonstrate that the risk of non-renewal of the PTC can slow wind development in certain years. Even in years in which the PTC is secure, uncertainty in the near-term future availability of the PTC may undermine rational industry planning, project development, and manufacturing investments, thereby leading to lower levels of new wind project capacity additions. ................................................................................................................................................... 27 2. Higher Wind Supply Costs: Wind project costs in the U.S. decreased substantially from the early 1980s to the early 2000s, demonstrating the success of public and private R&D investments and the commercial success of the technology. Since 2001, however, installed wind costs have risen by roughly $500/kW, with power sales prices rising in turn. 12 Although capital costs for all generation technologies have risen in recent years, there is reason to believe that this increase in the cost of wind power has been exacerbated by the erratic boom-and-bust cycle created by the 1- to 2-year PTC extensions in recent years. ................ 27 3. Greater Reliance on Foreign Manufacturing: Uncertainty in the future scale of the U.S. wind power market has limited the interest of both U.S. and foreign firms in investing in wind turbine and component manufacturing infrastructure in the U.S. Consequently, the U.S. remains heavily reliant on wind turbines and components manufactured elsewhere. .......................................................................................................... 27 4. Difficulty in Rationally Planning Transmission Expansion: Accessing substantial amounts of wind energy will require investments in the transmission grid. Uncertainty in the future of the PTC makes
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