Agent CPS - Michigan 7 Weeks 1 Agent CPs CCGJP Agent CP...

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Unformatted text preview: Michigan 7 Weeks 1 Agent CPs CCGJP Agent CP Core Michigan 7 Weeks 2 Agent CPs CCGJP ***Executive Order*** Michigan 7 Weeks 3 Agent CPs CCGJP XO CP 1NC Text: Obs. 1 Solvency Executive orders control policy and set agendas key to presidential power Mayer 1 [Kenneth, Professor in the Department of Poli Sci @ University of Wisconsin-Madison, Executive Orders and Presidential Power , pg. 28-29] This theoretical perspective offered by the new institutional economics literature provides a way of making sense of the wide range of executive orders issued over the years, and is the centerpiece of my approach. The common theme I find in significant executive orders is control; executive orders are an instrument of executive power that presidents have used to control policy , establish and maintain institutions, shape agendas , manage constituent relationships, and keep control of their political fate generally. Within the boundaries set by statute of the Constitution, presidents have consistently used their executive power often manifested in executive orders to shape the institutional and political context in which they sit . There are, to be sure, limits on what presidents can do relying solely on executive orders and executive power, and presidents who push too far will find that Congress and the courts will push back. Yet the president retains significant legal, institutional, and political advantages that make executive authority a more powerful tool than scholars have thus far recognized . This emphasis on control allows for a longer-term view than that generally taken by informal approaches to presidential leadership. I conclude that presidents have used executive orders to alter the institutional and political context in which they operate. The effects of any one effort in this regard may not be immediately apparent, and in many cases presidents succeed only after following up on what their predecessors have done . In this respect I view presidential leadership as both strategic and dynamic, a perspective that brings into sharper relief the utility of executive power to the presidency . I also differ with Neustadt on this score, as he looks at how presidents can be tactically effective within a particular structure context over which they have no control. Executive orders are effective policy tools and cause momentum and defuses opposition Cooper 2 [Phillip, Professor of Public Administration @ Portland State University, By Order of the President: The Use and Abuse of Executive Direct Action Executive orders can also be used to hit quickly with policies...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course DEBATE 101 taught by Professor None during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Agent CPS - Michigan 7 Weeks 1 Agent CPs CCGJP Agent CP...

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