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Unformatted text preview: HR PROMO --> COLLAPSES CHINA RELATIONS US pressuring China on human rights tanks relations Garthoff 97 [Raymond Garthoff , Relations With the Great Powers: Russia, Japan, China, Brookings Institution, p. http://www.brookings.edu/articles/1997/spring_globalgovernance_garthoff.aspx] The first policy, born of a campaign promise to stop "coddling dictators" in Beijing, involved a single-minded focus on promoting human rights in China. It was based on the assumption that only intense pressure, principally through the threat to revoke China's most-favored-nation trade status, could force Beijing to improve its human rights record. High-level contact with China was to be withheld until progress had been achieved. By the end of 1993, however , it had become increasingly evident that China was not succumbing to the American pressure on human rights and that other aspects of the relationship warranted attention . At that point the administration unveiled its second China policyone that it called " comprehensive engagement." It entailed more frequent exchange of cabinet- level visits to discuss a broader bilateral agenda. The aim was to show that, on these other issues, the United States and China might find areas of cooperation and thus bring the overall relationship into better balance. The problem was that the overall purpose of "engagement" was never effectively conveyed to Beijing . Even after the Clinton administration withdrew its threat to revoke Beijing's most-favored-nation status in the name of continued economic engagement with China, many Chinese concluded that "engagement" was simply a euphemism for containment and that American policy was really intended to keep China weak and divided so that it would never seriously challenge American preeminence in Asia . The 1995 controversy over Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui's visit to the United States, and the subsequent Chinese military exercises in the Taiwan Strait, showed how deeply China had come to mistrust American intentions. From Beijing's perspective, the visa granted to Lee Teng-hui showed that Washington now planned to promote the independence of Taiwan as part of its overall strategy of containing the rise of Chinese power. Human Rights Promotion in China destroys US-Sino Relations Vincent 86 (R.J Vincent, Professor of International Policts at Virginia Tech University, Human rights and international relations, pg 117) Thus, the current literature consists of broad overviews of China's attitude toward human rights and interdependence. However, as yet there has been no rigorous stud of the actual process of China's interactioninterdependence....
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