30761 - Annu Yadav, Paras Yadav and Hariom Yadav Animal...

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Unformatted text preview: Annu Yadav, Paras Yadav and Hariom Yadav Animal Biotechnology Department, 2Animal Biochemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India, Email: yadavhariom@gmail.com RUMEN BIOTECHNOLOGY Rumen Biotechnology Application of knowledge of fore stomach fermentation and the use and management of both natural and recombinant microorganisms to improve the efficiency of digestion of fibrous feedstuffs by ruminants. (Cunningham, 1990) Ruminants ? A ruminant is any hooved animal that digests its food in two steps- a) By eating the raw material and regurgitating a semi digested form known as cud b) then eating the cud, a process called ruminating Ruminants share another common feature that they all have an even number of toes. Examples are: cattle, goat, sheep, camel, giraffe, buffalo and dear etc. Digestive tract of Ruminants Honeycomb lining Formation of food bolus Regurgitation initiated here Collects hardware (nails, wire) www.vivo.colostate.edu Reticulu m Digestion and fermentation vat Contains anaerobic microbes Papillae lining Absorption of VFA Rumen www.vivo.colostate.edu Laminae/manyply lining muscular folds Reduces particle size Absorption of water Absorption of VFA www.vivo.colostate.edu Omasum...
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30761 - Annu Yadav, Paras Yadav and Hariom Yadav Animal...

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