33221 - Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons Xavier Basurto...

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Beyond the Tragedy of the Commons Xavier Basurto and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis Indiana University, Bloomington Presented by Elinor Ostrom at the Tragedy of the Commons Symposium, Adrian College, Adrian, Michigan, November 21, 2008.
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Moving Beyond the Tragedy Need to overcome two scholarly approaches Seeking universal theories and solutions Focusing on the unique aspect of every site We will illustrate how we can begin to move  beyond the limits of these two approaches  We will link a diagnostic framework with a theory  of self-organization to explain why two fishing  communities in Mexico self-organized and one did  not.
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Selected Fishing Villages in the Northern Gulf of California, Mexico
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Harvesting of the Sessile Mollusk Sea Pen Shell Left to right. Photo#1: Two adult specimens of the sessile bivalve mollusk commonly known as sea pen shell (Atrina tuberculosa) and harvested by small-scale fishers of the three communities under study. Photo #2: Shows two abductor muscles pertaining to the two individuals of photo#1. Sea pen shells are harvested for their abductor muscle, which reaches high prices in the Mexican national seafood market. Fishers are paid up to $20 usd per kilogram at the beach – therefore there is great demand for them. Only shrimp and abalone reach such high prices. Their U.S. analogue are bay scallops. Photo #3: Typical small-scale fishing boat used in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Benthic mollusks are harvested by diving (photo #4), note the air compressor in the middle of the boat in photo 3 that provides air to the diver in photo # 4. Diver in Photo # 4 is walking on the bottom (using plastic boots) harvesting sea pen shells in a shallow fishing area.
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Using a Diagnostic Framework and Theory Need a common language among those disciplines  analyzing resource problems so we can learn from  individual studies, develop better theory, test that  theory in the field and the lab, and build still better  theory Can only provide a brief overview of our effort to do  this Will illustrate with the results of extensive field  research conducted by Xavier Basurto and colleagues  over several years Let’s look at the broadest tool first
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Resource  System  (RS)   Resource Units  (RU)  Interactions (I)   Outcomes (O)  Governance  System  (GS)   Users  (U)  Social, Economic, and Political Settings (S) Related Ecosystems (ECO) Direct causal link Feedback A multitier framework for analyzing a social-ecological system Source : Ostrom (2007b: 15182).
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Second-Tier Variables in Framework for Analyzing a Social-Ecological System Social, Economic, and Political Settings (S) S1- Economic development. S2- Demographic trends. S3- Political stability.
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