vet0061 - Veterinary Preventive Medicine Lecture 3...

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1 Veterinary Preventive Medicine Lecture 3 Environmental Health and Animal Control
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2 Sabbatical – Denmark (’97-’98)
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3 Animal Control Most common area for vet employment in public health Mostly a local govt. responsibility Large cities and countries usually have a full-time administrator (usually a vet) Others use part-time vet advisors or administrators
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4 Animal Control The involved vet is often on the board of health Govt. and corp. practice rotation – E.g. Detroit dog pound (dog pounds tend to be the ugly underbelly of the companion animal industry)
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5 Animal Control Officers Public Health Justification Zoonoses (rabies, Toxocara, lepto, etc.) Sanitation Animal attacks Humane considerations Requires diplomacy, people skills, patience 12 million dogs & cats euthanized per year in U.S. (Arkow) Between 1/10 and 1/4 of nation’s pets euthanized annually See JAVMA 197:1134-1139
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6 The Population Perspective “The pet paradigm often results in costly and superfluous attention for a tree, with disregard for the forest.” (Ott, JAVMA 197:1134-1139) $8 billion – spent for individual animal medicine.
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7 Current Animal Control Issues All hammered out at local level Leash laws, pooper-scooper laws Rural v. urban conflicts Pit bull laws Ethical issues of euthanasia of strays No-kill facilities Enforcing vaccination laws of dogs, cats Animal ownership and zoning laws
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8 Epidemiology of Dog Bites About 2 million reported bites per year About 50% of kids 4-18 report at least one bite in their life 1% of all emergency room visits $30 million in health care (not including other costs)
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9 Dog Bite Fatalities in the U.S. 1979-94, 279 U.S. dog bite fatalities (DBF)
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course AGRICULTUR 200 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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vet0061 - Veterinary Preventive Medicine Lecture 3...

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