vet0151 - Epidemiology of Plague in the US Skin Zoonotic...

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Epidemiology of Plague in the US Skin Zoonotic Diseases VM 544 Veterinary Preventive Medicine Dr. Paul Bartlett, MPH., DVM., Ph.D.
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Yersinia pestis ( Pasteurella pestis ) Remarkable history, called the “Black Death” and “Peste.” First Pandemic - 542 AD to 602 AD - during the rule of Byzantine Emperor Justinian - the black death killed about 100 million people - destroying the Byzantine Empire. Second Pandemic - 14 th to 16 th Centuries - in central Asia to Europe - it killed hundreds of millions and eventually reached all of Africa and Asia.
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Mode of Transmission There are domestic and sylvatic cycles of disease. Domestic: This reservoir is maintained by transmission among domestic rodents through fleas and direct contact. This does not occur in the USA at this time, but the domestic cycle could become established at any time. This cycle/reservoir is important in many developing countries. Sylvatic: This cycle involves transmission of the agent among numerous species of wildlife rodents by fleas, cutaneous direct contact, aerosol, and ingestion.
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Transmission to Humans direct contact with infected animals. hunters can be exposed through sores or cuts on their hands when they clean game. direct respiratory spread from
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vet0151 - Epidemiology of Plague in the US Skin Zoonotic...

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