34471 - Biostatistics course Part 11 Comparison of two...

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Biostatistics course Part 11 Comparison of two proportions Dr. Sc. Nicolas Padilla Raygoza Department of Nursing and Obstetrics Division of Health Sciences and Engineering Campus Celaya-Salvatierra Universidad de Guanajuato Mexico
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Biosketch Medical Doctor by University Autonomous of Guadalajara. Pediatrician by the Mexican Council of Certification on Pediatrics. Postgraduate Diploma on Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London. Master Sciences with aim in Epidemiology, Atlantic International University. Doctorate Sciences with aim in Epidemiology, Atlantic International University. Associated Professor B, School of Nursing and Obstetrics of Celaya, university of Guanajuato. [email protected]
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Competencies The reader will apply a Z test to obtain inferences from two independent proportions. He (she) will calculate confidence interval from two independent proportions.
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Introduction Often, we make comparisons of two proportions from independent samples. In class we learned earlier to calculate confidence intervals and hypothesis test for a proportion; we can use the same methods to make inferences on proportions, if the sample size is large. For a large sample we can use a Normal approximation to the binomial distribution.
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Examples In a study of urinary tract infection not complicated, patients were assigned to be treated with trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole and fosfomycin / trometamol. 92 of 100 treated with fosfomycin / trometamol showed bacteriological cure while 61 of 100 treated with trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole were cured infection.
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Introduction When comparing proportions of independent samples, we must first calculate the difference in proportions.
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