34031 - Elizabeth Radke, MPH Faina Linkov, PhD University...

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Elizabeth Radke, MPH Faina Linkov, PhD University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
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Background Most commonly diagnosed cancer in American men Incidence rate=168.9 per 100,000 men Third most common cause of cancer death in the U.S. Mortality rate = 33.9 per 100,000 men Incidence rates soared in the early to mid 1990s when widespread screening for PSA was instituted
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Prostate cancer 2008 (estimate) New cases: 186,32 Deaths: 28,660
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Survival Five year survival rates for local and regional stages are essentially 100% For distant metastases, five year survival is only 34%
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Demographics Median age at prostate cancer diagnosis is 71 in whites and 69 in blacks Has dropped slightly since introduction of PSA screening African-Americans have the highest incidence and mortality rates Incidence and mortality in Asian/Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and Hispanics are substantially lower than whites Incidence and mortality are positively correlated with the gross national product
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Prostate Cancer Incidence Rates, by State, 2004
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International Patterns Lowest rates are observed in the Far East and on the Indian subcontinent 2.9 per 100,000 men in China Highest rates occur in Western Europe, Australia, and North America 107.8 and 185.4 per 100,000 white and black men in the United States Migration studies show that men of Asian heritage living
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34031 - Elizabeth Radke, MPH Faina Linkov, PhD University...

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