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Unformatted text preview: Gender K DDW 2K10 1 Gender K 1 Last printed 9/4/2009 7:00:00 PM Gender K DDW 2K10 2 1NC The affirmatives drive for military security upholds institutions of hegemonic masculinity that perpetuate gender stereotypes and womens exclusion Kronsell 6, Feminist Methodologies or International Relations, Annica Kronsell: Assisnt Professor of Political Science at the University of Lund, edited by Brooke A. Ackerly: Assistnat Professor in the Department of Political Science at Vanderbilt University, Maria Stern: Lecturer and Researcher at the Department of Peace and Development Research, Goteborg University, and Jacqui True: Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Studies at the Univeristy of Auskland, New Zealand, 2006, Cambridge University Press p.111-2 militarypossible masculinities Military, defense, and security related institutions have historically been owned by men and occupied by mens bodies. This has influenced these institutions agendas, politics, and policies. In using the concept institutions of hegemonic masculinity, we denote a particular interest in the norms associated with the institutions. However, there appears to be a strong material dimension to such norms , since, it is argued, they are often associated with male bodies. Robert Connell (1998: 5) says: Mens bodies do not determine the patterns of masculinity, but they are still of great importance in masculinity. Hegemonic masculinity cannot, therefore, be completely disentangled from male bodies. In some instances the hegemonic masculinity of these institutions directly corresponds to male bodies, as women are completely excluded through legislative acts from the military and defense institutions in a majority of countries. As we shall discuss in some depth later on, womens bodies present a very tangible challenge to institutions of hegemonic masculinity, against this normality of male bodies. The continuity of the domination of hegemonic masculinity, I argue, depends on the maintenance of separate spaces for mens bodies, and hence, women are a clear threat to this order. The hegemonic masculinity associated with military and defense institutions does not necessarily mean that it should reflect the most common form of masculinity in society (Connell 1998: 5). As a matter of fact, Joshua Goldsteins research (2001) shows that in comparison to other institutions in society, defense and military institutions have been associated with specific gender stereotypes , consistent across both cultures and time, which do not always correspond with norms of masculinity expressed in society at large. Furthermore, hegemonic masculinity does not preclude the fact that diverse masculinities can be expressed . In the contrary, some studies point to the necessity of diverse masculinities for the hierarchical structure of the institution to function (Miller 2001; Hearn and Parkin 2001). Although I am interested in exploring this in future research, here I shall not differentiate between possible masculinities....
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course DEBATE 101 taught by Professor None during the Spring '12 term at University of California, Berkeley.
- Spring '12
- The Handmaid's Tale