Iraq-Colonialism-Blocks -...

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Dartmouth 2K9 1 Iraq Colonialism Blocks AT: DOD CP 1. Perm – do the counterplan – its not severance – we never specified the branch 2. Agent counterplans are a voter— A. Unpredictable – There’s an infinite number of agents—no solvency advocate means we can’t research answers—kills policy-making because the counterplan doesn’t actually exist B. Kills education-distracts focus from the resolution and creates arbitrary debates about the agent C. it’s a voter for competitive equity and education. 3. Congress will check Obama-preventing plan passage Crenson and Ginsberg 07 Matthew Crenson and Benjamin Ginsberg. Crenson is a political science professor at Johns Hopkins University. Benjamin Ginsberg Ph.D. was a political science professor at Johns Hopkins University. He is now the Director of the Center for the Study of American Government and Chair of the Government Program of Advanced Academic Program at Johns Hopkins University, 2007. [Presidential Power: Unchecked and Unbalanced p. 218] [Cory Stern] Through its general legislative powers, moreover, Congress can exercise broad influence over foreign policy. Congress may , for example, refuse to appropriate funds for presidential actions it deems to be unwise or inappropriate . Thus, in 1796, the House of Representatives was asked to appropriate funds to implement the Jay Treaty. Opponents of the treaty demanded that the House be given all papers and records pertaining to the negotiating process—a demand rejected by President Washington . The House narrowly approved funding but accompanied its acquiescence with a resolution affirming its right to refuse appropriations for the implementation of any treaty to which a majority of its members objected. On several occasions over the years, the House has indeed refused to appropriate funds needed to implement treaties negotiated by the president and ratified by the Senate. This power of the purse also extends to military action. Not only does Congress have the constitutional power to declare war, but under its general legislative powers it must appropriate the funds needed to support military activities . In Federalist 69, Hamilton argues that Congress’s power of the purse provides it with an ultimate check on the president’s power as commander in chief . This principle was illustrated during the Reagan administration when Congress enacted the so-called Boland Amendment, which prohibited the president from using any funds to provide military support for right-wing “Contra” guerilla forces in the civil war then raging in the nation of Nicaragua. The administration’s response was to seek funds from Saudi Arabia, the Sultan of Brunei, and even from private individuals. 1
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course DEBATE 101 taught by Professor None during the Spring '12 term at Berkeley.

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Iraq-Colonialism-Blocks -...

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