PMC-Bad-Impact-Extension

PMC-Bad-Impact-Extension -...

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b88a375284c66553facb2488e49a24ece3fd9db8.doc Dartmouth 2K9 1 Best Cards - Impact For PMC’s – Turns Case Our Turn SWAMPS The Case – Shifting From US Troops to PMC’s Ensure global neo-imperial war, internal conflict, and mass genocide Xavier Renou , Prof. @ Université Patheon-Assas , ‘5 [ Oxford Development Studies 33.1, “Private Military Compaies Against Development,” 108-110] Globalization is a process of deepening of world markets through the internationaliza- tion, interdependence and concentration of international capital. It derives both from a natural trend in capitalism and from a set of political and economic choices aimed a t solving the world crisis of investment profitability in the early 1970s (Dume nil & Le ́ ́ vy, 2003). Such choices include the “extension of spaces where capital can organise its property rights” and the dismantling of welfare states throughout the world (Serfati, 2003). They set the frame for the domination of financial capital, which imposes upon industries the requirement of high levels of profitability in the short term. In the area of international affairs, globalization results in the emergence of a more violent world and the gradual privatization of warfare. This increase in violence can be related to the collapse of weak states , which lost their status of protected proxies after the end of the cold war. On the contrary, they found themselves the main target of a renewal of the traditional competition for the world resources : the need to restore profitability makes competition for scarce and cheap resources tougher. There are old resources that were redistributed after soviet domination ceased and new resources (biotechnology, coltan, etc.) for which demand is on the increase. Competition for resources revolves around neo- imperialist competition between Europe (notably France) and the USA, which, in some respects, is comparable with the former cold war.1 Together with the demand by financial capital for high returns on investments in the short run, these phenomena have produced a new form of imperialism ,2 clearly dominated by the US A.3 A result of this renewed scramble for natural resources is the eruption of more violence . This has taken the form of an increase in the number of low-intensity wars and also inter- state ones, and a high degree of violence within and between societies, including the recurrent use of extermination strategies, or genocide and mass rape . Moreover, more violence may also be necessary to impose neo-liberal policies on to weak states and hostile populations ;4 and warfare, a traditional way of increasing economic and political benefits, has fallen under the principles of financial management: it has to become cheaper and more profitable, to generate high profits. Hence the growing privatization of warfare . The same process is taking place in the warfare sector. Over the past 10 years, mercenarism has turned into a 100-billion-dollar industry with approximately 100 PMCs playing an essential role in the provision of security, strategy, training and even
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PMC-Bad-Impact-Extension -...

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