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Gender Answers - Gender Answers Michigan 2010 1/45 7Week...

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Gender Answers  Michigan 2010 1/45 7-Week Seniors GGENDER ANSWERS ggender answers .................................................................................................................................................. 1 BEST 2AC CARD .................................................................................................................................................. 3 GENERAL 2AC ..................................................................................................................................................... 6 GENERAL 2AC ..................................................................................................................................................... 7 ALT FAILS ........................................................................................................................................................... 9 PERMUTATION ................................................................................................................................................. 11 REALISM ........................................................................................................................................................... 13 STATE KEY—FRAMEWORK/PERM ................................................................................................................... 15 SCIENCE TURN ................................................................................................................................................. 17 SCIENCE: UNIQUENESS .................................................................................................................................... 19 SCIENCE: LINK EXT .......................................................................................................................................... 21 SCIENCE: IMPACT EXT ..................................................................................................................................... 23 SCIENCE: SOLVES K .......................................................................................................................................... 25 STATE/MILITARY TURN ................................................................................................................................... 27 STATE/MILITARY: EXT ..................................................................................................................................... 29 INTERSECTIONALITY TURN ............................................................................................................................. 31 INTERSECTIONALITY EXT ................................................................................................................................ 33 A2: TRANSHUMANISM BAD ............................................................................................................................. 35 A2: TRANSHUMANISM BAD ............................................................................................................................. 37 A2: SOLVES MILITARISM .................................................................................................................................. 39 A2: ROOT CAUSE OF WAR ............................................................................................................................... 41 A2: ROOT OF OPPRESSION .............................................................................................................................. 43 A2: EPISTEMOLOGY/IMPACT ........................................................................................................................... 45
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Gender Answers  Michigan 2010 2/45 7-Week Seniors
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Gender Answers  Michigan 2010 3/45 7-Week Seniors BEST 2AC CARD The structure of their argument undermines feminism—the claim that a single link results in a big “root  cause” impact marginalizes struggles against other forms of violence and discrimination Crenshaw 2  [Carrie Crenshaw PhD, Former President of CEDA, “Perspectives In Controversy: Selected Articles from Contemporary Argumentation and Debate” 2002 p.  119-126] Feminism is  not dead. It is  alive and well      in      intercollegiate      debate     . Increasingly,      students rely on      feminist      authors to       inform their analysis of      resolutions     . While I applaud these initial efforts to explore feminist thought , I am concerned that such   arguments      only exemplify the      general      absence of      sound causal      reasoning in debate rounds     . Poor causal       reasoning results from a debate practice that privileges empirical proof over rhetorical proof , fostering ignorance of the  subject matter being debated. To illustrate my point, I claim that debate arguments about feminists suffer from a reductionism that tends to marginalize the voices of significant  feminist authors. David Zarefsky made a persuasive case for the value of causal reasoning in intercollegiate debate as far back as 1979. He argued that causal arguments are  desirable for four reasons. First, causal analysis increases the control of the arguer over events by promoting understanding of them. Second, the use of causal reasoning  increases rigor of analysis and fairness in the decision-making process. Third, causal arguments promote understanding of the philosophical paradox that presumably good  people tolerate the existence of evil. Finally, causal reasoning supplies good reasons for “commitments to policy choices or to systems of belief which transcend whim, caprice,  or the non-reflexive “claims of immediacy” (117-9). Rhetorical proof plays an important role in the analysis of causal relationships. This is true despite the common assumption  that the identification of cause and effect relies solely upon empirical investigation. For Zarefsky, there are three types of causal reasoning. The first type of causal reasoning 
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