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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1: The Role of Nutrition in our Health 1. What Is Nutrition Nutrition is the study of food, and a relatively new discipline of science. 2. Why Is Nutrition Important? We have shifted from infections（（（（（（ disease to chronic(（（) disease as major cause of death in the United States. Diet can positively or negatively impact chronic disease. 3. Nutrition is relation to other science, e.g. Psychology, Biology, Sociology, etc. 4. Nutrition encompasses（（（（ the following aspects of food - Consumption (（（)- Digestion（（（（- Absorption（（（（- Metabolism (（（（（)- Storage (（（)- Excretion （（（（ 5. Nutrition also studies these aspects of food- Psychological- Food safety- Global food supply- Cultural 6. Nutrition can prevent disease.- Nutrient deficiency(（（) diseases: scurvy（（（（（, goiter（（（（（（, rickets（（（（（- Diseases influenced by nutrition: chronic diseases such as heart disease- Diseases in which nutrition plays a role: osteoarthritis（（（（（, osteoporosis（（（（（（（ 7. Obesity（（（（ is a growing problem.- Adult (64.5%)- 1. Preventive Care 2. Leveraging(（（) Change in Food Options 3. Smarter Community Design 4. Improving School Nutrition and Physical Education 5. Providing More Useful Information and Support 8. Nutrition is so important that it has become a national goal. Goals of Healthy People 2010:- Increase quality and years of healthy life- Eliminate(（（) health disparities（（（（ 9. What Are Nutrients?- Chemicals in foods that our bodies use for energy and to support the growth, maintenance, and repair of our tissues. 10. Organic vs. Non-organic- Carbon is key to life: an essential component of all living organisms- By definition is present in all organic compounds.- Example of organic Nutrient: C 6 H 12 O 6 = Glucose (（（（) Example of inorganic Nutrient: H 2 o = Water 11. Organic Compounds vs. Organic Foods- Organic Compounds: chemically organic – contain(（（) carbon- Organic Nutrient (contain carbon):1. Carbohydrates 2.Fats (Lipids) 3.Proteins 4. Vitamins- Inorganic Nutrient (Do not contain carbon): 1. Minerals 2. WaterInorganic Nutrient (Do not contain carbon): 1....
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Prof. during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.
- Spring '11