Lecture _9, Part II.doc - SOC 101 - Principles of Sociology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SOC 101 - Principles of Sociology Lecture Notes #9 - Part II Conformity, Deviance, Social Control and Crime The Functionalist Perspective of Deviance: 1) Emile Durkheim's Social Functions of Deviance, and 2) Robert Merton's Structural Strain Theory 1) Emile Durkheim's Social Functions of Deviance . Deviance serves several social functions in five important ways: First, deviance increases social cohesion by punishing norm violators and serving as a deterrent for potential future violators. (Explain.) Second, deviance enhances creativity or innovation. Creative or innovative persons tend to be different, eccentric or weird and often challenge established norms or traditions. In the long run, ideas of such eccentrics may benefit society as a whole. Third, deviance helps in setting social boundaries or limits of acceptable or unacceptable behavior. This helps reduce confusion or ambiguity. (However, this may not completely eliminate "grey areas" of conflict over values or beliefs in testing limits of acceptable behavior, i.e., views on abortion whether pro- choice or pro-life.) Fourth, deviance can be a "safety valve" by allowing frustrations and hostility to be expressed under controlled conditions--hence, controlled deviance. One example is the use of clean needles provided to drug addicts by local authorities in exchange for dirty needles in New York City. Fifth, Deviance can help to express discontent with the status quo. In the 1960s, various social movements challenged authority, war, repressive morality and materialistic values of the dominant society. To a large extent, this helped bring about social reforms that benefited all in society. Today, the anti-globalization groups are challenging globalization and its spread of poverty 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
and inequality especially in Third World countries. If successful, this would bring about improved conditions for the poor in Third World countries. 2) Robert Merton's Structural Strain Theory. Robert Merton developed the Structural Strain Theory to explain what happens when people are socialized to see cultural goals but denied the institutionalized or proper means to reach them. (For example, Americans are socialized to achieve the American dream, but may fail to realize that dream.) Merton used anomie (Durkheim's term) to refer to the strain people experience when they are blocked in their efforts to achieve desired cultural goals. Anomie
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Prof. during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Page1 / 7

Lecture _9, Part II.doc - SOC 101 - Principles of Sociology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online